The Queen Who Wields Mighty Powers

Mothers Day

Introduction

May the 07th 2019, Ramadan 1440, the month everyone is excited to go hungry and thirsty without a care is around the corner. All any Muslim cares are about the blessings, mercy and forgiveness that comes with this beautiful month. Ramadan comes so quickly, leaves as quickly and taking the opportunity for personal and spiritual introspection is like scratching the surface. commands one to rush and vie with one another in good deeds. Rasoolullah said about a person who fasted and did not attain forgiveness has lost out a great loss. The best person who can afford us with this opportunity comes in the form of none other than our mother. Being a mother is quite challenging, between juggling a husband and children, perhaps a job and family. Whether it’s a stay-at-home mum, a working mum or a single mum or combinations of it. Mothers are an institution from an exalted realm. She is strong, valueable, self sacrificing, central to a child and a husband’s existence. These superwomen assume many roles, she’s a wife, a mother, a life teacher, a cook, a nurse, a support pillar, a therapist and cheerleader. This list goes on. She is seldom celebrated and rarely decorated as a spiritual heroine. Yet she’s always there encouraging one to be ones best and protecting our spiritual core without us realizing it.

 

It is no wonder the Quran says(which may mean) in ayah 15 of surah Ahqaf,

“We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents, in pain did his mother bear him and in pain did she give him birth, the carrying of the child, to his weaning is (a period of) thirty months”

This verse acknowledges the parents right to kindness, then the mother is mentioned, specifically the pain of childbirth is alluded to, which is beyond what one can imagine and not one contraction can be repaid. Yet only asks the child to return it with kindness, obedience and gentleness.

The arabic word rahm, meaning womb comes from the trilateral root letters  , rahma meaning mercy. One of the attributes of is Ar Rahmān, Graciousness. The One who bestows mercy. To give without being asked. A concept which is the embodiment of a mother. Mothers physically share their bodies, a space, the womb, with her child for 9 months. The mothers nutrients are extracted from her body to nourish that child when it is not present in the mothers diet. It is also the mother who breastfeeds the baby. So it is not suprising then, whenever one hears the word rahma, that it reminds one also to associate it with that space created, the mother’s womb. It brings awareness as to why not to sever the relation of the womb. The nuturing of a good relationship with one’s mother makes up an important part of building a strong cohesive family and society. In the termination of the relationship with the mother is the ruination of a family and society. This can be observed in families where the relationship with the mother is healthy and one where the relationship with the mother is strained.

Rasoolullah teaches us about the status of mothers by the respect he showed to every woman in his life.

A man came to Rasoolullah and said, “O Messenger of ! Who among the people is the most worthy of my good companionship?” Rasoolullah said: “Your mother”. The man said: “Then who?” Rasoolullah said: “Then your mother”. The man asked again: “Then who?” “Then your mother. The man asked again: “Then who”. Rasoolullah   said: “Then your father.” (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim)

This hadith illustrates the special regard one should exhibit towards the mother. She is given the highest position by Rasoolullah in the above hadith. The mother deserves this honor over the father due to the sacrifices she makes willingly for her child.  Duty to one’s mother is not optional it is an obligation from . Expressing gratitude, goodness and kindness to the mother with sincerity leads one  to ’s forgiveness and blessings. There are numerous Quranic ayah, many more hadiths where Rasoolullah advises his companions on different occasions and circumstances to treat their mothers well. The one who is disobedient to the mother is bereft of ’s mercy. It is a grave sin. The unhappiness of the mother towards the child leads towards the unhappiness of upon that child. When the mother is pleased with her child then too is pleased with that child and forgives that child for any misgivings. Service to the mother and making her happy is greater than one-year long jihad or equal to one hajj. This is the power the mother wields.

Ramadan is a great time to break old habits and start afresh, make a mother’s heart happy and earn ’s pleasure easily by implementing the following:

  • Ask her to pray for you.  Children should ask their mothers to pray for them outside of and during Ramadan. The supplication of a mother is a connection to ’s protection and blessings that otherwise might not reach them.
  • Pray for her. In return send a prayer to  for His aid, mercy and protection upon her life. Also ask to forgive her. Nothing is more simple than reciting surah Fatiha for your mother on a busy day.
  • Show gratitude to her. Show your appreciation by helping her, taking responsibilty for some of the things she usually does in order to make things easier and also giving her more time to read extra quran or other ibadah she never gets down to due to them. Return kindness by taking over some chores, keeping siblings busy, taking responsibility of the shopping list if she does it, hire someone to assist her during Ramadan if possible etc.
  • Be kind to her. Show your consideration for her by enquiring from her, her needs. Respect and speak kindly to her, be affectionate by dealing with her lovingly. To look lovingly at one’s mother and father is devotion.
  • Be at her service. Take her where she needs to be when she requests. Visit her and make yourself available to her. Give to her without her asking or the expectation of receiving something in return. Mothers alway gives, they serve their families for the pleasure of . If she is a working mum, encourage her to take the last few days off work to engage in extra ibadah. Join her as a motivating partner in her spiritual goals for Ramadan if she’s a single parent. Like reading quran together, taking her to taraweeg etc. It is after all the “month of the Quran.”
  • Try not to express annoyance at her. It’s Ramadan and everyone is “hangary” and tired. Let’s show patience and make a concerted effort by speaking respectfully to her. Avoid addressing her rudely.
  • Do not ignore her when she requests your help. Everyone is caught up in life’s ‘busy-ness’, Ramadan is the perfect time to reconnect, whether for iftar dates at various siblings homes. If your living away from home technology does not allow one to ignore their parents. When she requests your help you have no excuse to ignore her, you don’t want to ignore you.

Conclusion

Ramadan not only teaches one discipline, reconnecting spiritually and remembering those less fortunate. It heightens our state of God conciousness. does not need our fasting, one requires the benefits of fasting to attain salvation. Ramadan is the perfect month to remind those who have strayed away due to normal hustle and bustle of everyday life to reconnect with their mothers. To thank her, recognize her input and to express deep gratitude for everything she does. Islam is clear on how it honors mothers and to be obedient to them whether they are Muslim or not. Our beautiful deen does not allow us to neglect the mother. In the Quran obeying your parents is only second to obeying . A mother’s love is unmatchable, it is without condition, she bears pain and sacrifices everything without any complaint. She fulfills a divine purpose, a mother is a blessing and gift from .

          

Bibliography

Ali, A. Y. (n.d.). Surah Ahqaf. In The Holy Quran (p. 1370). Islamic Propogation Centre International.

Islam, P. M. (n.d.). muslimonnet.blogspot.com.

Ramadan Interview. (n.d.). Retrieved from https:\\productivemuslim.com.

Shoaib, m. M. (n.d.). Status of mothers in Islam. Retrieved from https:\\www.daily-sun.com.

Status of Mothers in Islam. (n.d.). Retrieved from https:\\quranschool.com.

The Importance of the Mother. (n.d.). Retrieved from https:\\insideislam.wisc.edu.

                                                                                                                                 

Jameela Parker

Usul Al Din Class of 2020 - Madina Institute

Youth Day

The History of Youth Day

 

Its importance to South African Youth today.

In a dünya swamped with injustice, one of the few consequences that steers one’s morals back
into alignment and flares long-overdue action is the death of fellow mankind’s offspring. Such was
the effect of Hector Pieterson and many others’ abrupt passing on June 16th 1976, in a protest engraved in South African history, bearing a lesson of the value of human life and dignity not to be forgotten: The Soweto Uprising.

 

On the morning of June 16th in 1976, thousands of African students from Soweto, Johannesburg
congregated, pre-empting a protest against the application of Afrikaans – a foreign language to the
black population – as the medium of instruction at school, by the Apartheid government. Placards
and chants – demanding their right to proper education, criticising government and expressing
general upset for the blatant discrimination attributed to the Bantu Education System – were
displayed as students marched towards the Orlando Stadium.


Inevitably, the South African Police Force rushed on-site in an attempt to halt the protest action.
When the children seized to scatter, a trigger-happy officer shot at the crowd, sparking an eruption
of chaos, including pelting and tear-gas bombs. One of the first victims, a martyr of the Anti-
Apartheid movement, although blissfully unaware, was 12 year old Hector Pieterson. The black
and white picture captured a few moments after his passing, with his sister distraught in the frame,
remains entrenched in the memory of every South African alike. 700 more children were estimated
to have been killed, with over a thousand injured.


Come nightfall, the news of the event had spread worldwide and the general international view of
the discriminatory Apartheid government turned vengeful. Global superpowers of the time,
including the United States and United Kingdom, placed sanctions and disinvestments against
South Africa, whilst the United Nations called for sports and cultural boycotts. Within South Africa
itself, the black liberation movement was brewing, as the true brutality of the regime became
impossible to disregard, and the slow downfall of Apartheid had begun, only reaching termination
in 1994.


Surah Māidah reads: “We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a
soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever
saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely.” (Quran, 5:32).

 

More holistically, this Ayah explains the great loss one human endures over the death of another’s child, as a failure to fulfil their obligation of defence. The lasting wisdom extracted from this tragedy, as reflected in the updated constitution, demonstrates the Islamic etiquette shaped thousands of years ago, with the protection of children and the value of human life, void of racism, being explicitly highlighted in Quran and Hadith.


Post-democracy, some Bill of Rights passages, forming a legal safe-guard for South African Youth today, reads: “Everyone has the right to life.” ; “The state may not unfairly discriminate against anyone on one or more grounds, including race” ; “Every child has the right to basic nutrition, shelter, health care and social services, as well as the right to be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation.”


Conclusively, the impact of these constitutional clauses ensures governmental repression, such as the Soweto Uprising, to not repeat itself and the youth are shielded from ill-treatment of any form.
Surely, every South African is indebted to the sacrifices of yesteryear’s generation for the freedom
of today.

Born in Cape Town, South Africa in 2001, Sakeenah Toefy is a 1st year student at Madina Institute in Cape Town, having had matriculated from Pinelands High School in 2019.

Sakeenah has been a freelance graphic designer since 2018, specialising in marketing, visual identity and publication design products.

With a passion for film and media, public speaking and writing, she plans to complete a degree in the broader creative field within the forthcoming years, drawing inspiration from the Islamic basis acquired at Madina.

Sakeenah Toefy

Usul Al Din Class of 2020 - Madina Institute

Finding Solace

Finding Solace

 

I am a lost being,

But within these fragranced doors

I am no longer lost

My heart is tiresome,

But within these fragranced doors,

My heart is rejuvenated,

My soul tranquil

And my mind

Sound with the melodies,

Of profound knowledge

 

I see souls all around me

Not people

I see every soul connecting to the next,

Even so, when they are complete strangers

 

I see jewels

And not teachers

Each of whom, compassion lies in their smiles

Each of whom, education is taught not only from their speech

But from their hearts

Of whom, illumination shines from within.

 

My heart was homeless

But within this journey,

My heart has found a sanctuary.

 

-Wilted Her

Zaynab Siljeur

Usul Al Din Class of 2020 - Madina Institute

Longing a Sanctuary

Longing a Sanctuary

 

Dear Madina…

I long the sweet fragrance of musk,

As I entered upon your doors

I long the sweet sounding voices of my teachers,

The presence of Allah’s light and mercy

And the love for Rasulillah (S),

Heartfelt as I sat there

Day after day,

In an empty grey chair

Yet,

Feeling fulfilled

Till into the depths,

And into every crevice,

Of my sound heart,

Soaking in the tranquility

Of a safe haven

That many of the lost,

Have found to be home

 

I miss my sanctuary.

 

-Wilted her

Zaynab Siljeur

Usul Al Din Class of 2020 - Madina Institute

A Free Ramadaan

A Free Ramadaan

Freedom Day on the 27th of April is an annual celebration of South Africa’s first non-racial democratic elections of 1994. It is significant in marking the end of over three hundred years of colonialism, segregation and white minority rule and the establishment of a new democratic government led by the late President, Nelson Mandela and a new state subject to a new constitution.

A constitution that firmly enshrines a Bill of Rights preserving human rights, dignity and freedom. As South Africans we have a historical experience of the various tastes of freedom and the impositions that impose on our freedom.

As Muslims, freedom has come with a long history that advocates freedom according to the rules stipulated in the holy Quran, the practices of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him and the historic freedom to exercise Islam in countries across the globe.

 

Even right here in South Africa, the freedom of religion was not always practiced and we have a rich legacy of how Islam came to the continent, grew and was finally recognized.

 

I was ready to tell the story of my life but the ripple of tears and the agony of my heart wouldn’t let me
‘Freedom’ by Rumi

 

Freedom may be sought in various forms and it may also be interpreted differently, person to person. Islam does not fall short of the fight for freedom or brave freedom fighters. We have tasted the bitter wars upon religion but we have also tasted the bitter war on humanity. Islam advocates a life lived with purpose. That purpose is to be guided through the light of love and tolerance. The fight for freedom never stops though. As a community of empathy and generosity we will always care for our neighbours and our communities across the globe living in turmoil. If we were to carry two philosophies of the then President, Nelson Mandela it would be that we will never be free until Palestine is free.

We extend this to: we will never truly be free till humanity is free.

Secondly, we will forgive but we will never forget. As long as we remember we will never return to that which took our freedom.

 

We are supportive of the current administration and the measures implemented to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic.

The current President, Honourable Cyril Ramaphosa has advocated the best of measures under the circumstances in preserving the most important provision in the National Constitution of South Africa (1996) and that is, the right to life.

 

We call on our brothers and sisters during this difficult time to exercise patience, love and tolerance.

 

Capitalize on the times spent in your home during this Ramadaan. Speak to Allah, pray as a family, enjoy the holy Quran and invest in the many free online programs of beneficial knowledge. Ultimately our journey is to Allah and no one can ever take you away from that. And no one can ever take away your freedom in connecting with our Creator or loving our Beloved, peace be upon him.

 

It is essential that we realize these gifts that Allah has generously given us and live a life of gratitude. People may take your physical freedom; they may even take away your freedom of speech but your tawakkul of Allah resides in the heart and the freedom of belief is divinely guarded within the heart as a ‘Qalboen Saleem’ (sound heart).

 

 “O You who believe! Enter absolutely into peace (Islam). Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you.” (Holy Quran: 2, 208)

 

In this verse, Islam intrinsically calls for peace and fosters a life in absolute sincerity and honesty before Allah. Therefore, it is vitally important for an individual to believe in Allah with his own will and aspiration, and observe Allah’s commands and advice through personal conscientious contentment.

 

Defining freedom starts within but the greatest freedom will always be to love.

Everyone needs love. Love the Creator, love the creation.

Shaykh Dr Muhammad al Ninowy

May your heart always rest in the ocean of loving deeply and freely.

Tasleema is a Consultant in Media and Public Relations creating a healthy brand with a strong presence. MC events. Radio/TV Presenter. Motivational Speaker and Writer. 

Tasleema Allie

Media and Public Relations

Family Ties

What is the Family Unit?

We are living in an era where the concept of family has extended in various forms. It could consist of an unmarried couple and their offspring, a single mother or a homosexual couple to name a few. However, in Islam a family unit is that which stems from a marriage between a male and female.


What is the wisdom then of the concept of family being that which stems from marriage?

 

Firstly, it allows for offspring to be born into stability. Stability not only with regards to their emotional requirements but also that of a known lineage and financial security. It allows for necessary knowledge to be given with regards to morals and principles Islam has taught us. This allows for them to be beneficial citizens within a community and the larger society.

 

Secondly, in allowing for the above, a family unit built on secure foundations of Islam allows for the community to benefit from each other and in this way create a society that is built on like minded individuals with sound objectives.

 

Allah (Ta’ala) says in the Holy Quran (which may mean):

 
So would you perhaps, if you turned away, cause corruption on earth and sever your relationships?
Those are the ones that Allah has cursed, so He deafened them and blinded their vision.
Then do they not reflect upon the Quran, or are there locks upon {their} hearts?

Muhammad :22-24

 

Here Allah (Ta’ala) commands us in establishing righteousness on earth and treating your relatives well. They should be treated well in speech and action. Here Allah (Ta’ala) speaks of the repercussions of severing family ties being that one would be deaf to the truth and blinded from the path of guidance.

 

Supporting these Ayaat are numerous Ahadith that further expound on the importance of maintaining family ties.

The following will be mentioned:

 

Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi recorded  from Abdurrahman Bin Auf that the Nabi (Salalalhu Alayhi Wasalam) had stated that Allah (Ta’ala) had said,

I am Allah and I am the Rahman (Compassionate one). I have created kinship and I have given it a part of my name. So whoever connects his Family, I will connect ties with him and whoever cuts himself from his family, I will cut my ties with him. 

 

This shows us the great status placed on family and in maintaining family ties. This great importance is further shown by Allah (Ta’ala) attaching himself to those who attaches themselves to their family.

 

The Nabi (Salalalhu Alayhi Wasalam) had mentioned in numerous Ahadith, the importance of parents, as well as those who are attached to the parents such as their parents, grandparents and siblings. The following Ahadith are substantiates this where the Nabi (Salalalhu Alayhi Wasalam) said:

O people, the one who injures my paternal uncle has injured me, for a man’s paternal uncle is the same as his father.

(Tirmidhi)

The maternal aunt is like the mother

(Abu Dawud)

 

Furthermore, a man came to the prophet (Salalalhu Alayhi Wasalam) and said :

“Oh messenger of Allah I have committed a serious sin. Can I do any act of penance?” when asked if this man had a mother, he replied in the negative and when affirming having a maternal aunt, the Nabi (Salalalhu Alayhi Wasalam) had said, Then do kindness to her.

(Tirmidhi)

 

With the above proofs from the Holy Quran and Sunnah it is now important to ask oneself who exactly are classified as family in Islam?

 

It would be those whom you are able to inherit from and who is able to inherit from you as well as those who could be classified as your legal guardian. It is also the family who you are forbidden to marry through blood ties and marriage ties, such as your Mother in-law.

 

Looking at the family unit from a social context within the community, it is important to note that various psychological illnesses are linked to that of the family system. This is because it is the family unit that would provide an individual with the necessary support one would require living within a society. Instability within family is often manifested in the individuals who form part of that family unit. Working through these deficiencies in the family is also the main tool that is used in order to assist not only the individual but the family as a whole.

 

According to the famous theorist, Eric Erikson, and his Psychosocial Theory, it is clearly demonstrated that the human from infancy through to old age requires the support of a stable family system in every stage of an individuals’ life in order to function  within a society.

 

Thus from the above we are able to observe that the Sharia that is based on both the holy Quran and authentic sunnah, instructs us to maintain family ties as it is shown to be of benefit on not only the individual but the society in its entirety too. This is further supported in the science of  psychology that elaborates this as the cornerstone of an individuals’ development and their interactions within a society.

 

We make duah to ask Allah (Ta’ala) to assist all those who might be going through difficulties trying to maintain family ties and we make duah that our families will be systems of support and safety for each individual. 

 

References

  • Abdurraghiem Hasan Sallie. Obedience to Parents a Desirable Character Trait
  • Al-Haj MaulanaFazlul Karim. Imam Ghazzali’s IhyaUlum-Id-Din.
  • Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider.Life-Span Human Development
  • Dar- Al- IftaAl-Missriyyah (Dar-alifta. Org)
  • Imaad-ud-Din At-Tabari. Ahkaam  Al-Quraan
  • Imam Ghazali. Makashifatul Qulub

Yasmina Samaai is currently a second year Bachelor of Art student at Madina Institute. By profession she is a Social Worker who had completed her studies at the University of Cape Town.

 

She finds herself attempting to combine these fields of the social sciences and the Islamic sciences in order to improve and assist with the various social issues we find ourselves in today.

 

She hopes to use her acquired knowledge and the practice thereof with the aim to improve socioeconomic circumstances of Muslims within Cape Town and the broader Western Cape area Inshallah.

Yasmina Samaai

Second Year, B.A Student- Madina Institute

Arabic Calligraphy Workshop

Dip your pen into the world of Arabic calligraphy, the soul of Islamic art in a 3-hour workshop on 14th April 2019 10:00am1:00pm. Cost R150

“Aslm faheem. I attended the course on Sunday and would like to say a big shukran or rather jazaaka Allah khayr. I’m an Arabic student and suddenly have greater respect for the scribes of the Qur’an. Now, more than before taking time when reciting, slowing down and appreciating each kharakaat. Shukran so much” Ruwaydah

Faheem Rhoda Jackson is a student of calligraphy, and has been spreading his passion for the art through teaching an introductory course in the Naskh script. Since the first course in November
2017, Faheem has repeated the course every month, and thereby creating a growing interest in the traditional art of Arabic calligraphy / Khatt-al-Arabiy.

To register go to www.frjislamicart.weebly.com

call/SMS 0835179023 or Whatsapp 0718698240

Aisha (RA): The scholar

Yasmina Samaai is a first year BA student at Madina Institute. Having completed her social work degree in 2018, she is looking forward to bringing her Islamic Studies into her social work.

Aisha (RA): The scholar

To mention the name of Aisha (ra), one would immediately think of her as brave, knowledgeable, the most beloved wife of the Prophet (saw) and the daughter of Abu Bakr (ra). However, many do not know the mother of Islam to be the great scholar she is.

Aisha (ra) was of the few at that time to be born Muslim in Makkah. She was born in a home where Islam was taught and practiced. As a result, she was taught about Islam from a young age by her beloved father Abu Bakr (ra) who was undoubtedly a close companion of the Prophet (saw). This had a major impact on her in her later years. Being able to immerse herself in the teachings of Islam with great enthusiasm and becoming of the foremost students of her husband, the Prophet (saw).

After her marriage to the Nabi (saw), Aisha was able to receive first hand ayahs and ahadith from the Nabi (saw), this allowed for her to be exposed to the many teachings that the Nabi (saw) provided us with. With the Prophet (saw), she was able to grow as a Muslim in her mannerisms, wisdoms, etiquette, public dealings, economic and domestic laws as well as ways in which to live light and natural on this dunya.

The contributions she had made to Islam is endless from her knowledge of inheritance, pilgrimage, medicine, poetry and eschatology to her openness regarding her private life with the Nabi (saw) as a husband and his practices in the home. She had spoken on females needs and conditions and spoken about what Islam provides women. 

The Nabi (saw) had married Aisha (ra) when she was 9 years of age and they had been married for 18 years. She had lived for a further 44 years after the Nabi (saw) had passed away. She had used this time to share a total of 2210 ahadith and not to forget that she it is also Aisha who had Quranic verses revealed in relation to her.

In conclusion, I hope that if someone were to mention Aisha (ra), that she will not only be remembered as the brave wife of the Nabi (saw) and daughter of a great sahabah but also as a valuable scholar in Islam and a significant contributor to the knowledge we have on Islam today.

The marriage of Khadija (RA)and the Prophet (SAW)

Yasmina Samaai is a first year BA student at Madina Institute. Having completed her social work degree in 2018, she is looking forward to bringing her Islamic Studies into her social work.

The marriage of Khadija (RA) and the Prophet (SAW)

Many would agree if I were to say that the marriage of Khadija (ra) and the Nabi (saw) was of the best marriages to this day. However, what was it about this marriage that makes it the ideal standard we wish to live up to today?

It is the courage of Khadija (ra) to propose to the Prophet (saw) who had no wealth but an outstanding character. It is their mutual love and compassion shown to each other in the times of hardships like the loss of their sons. Their dedication to spreading the message of Islam. It is Khadija who dedicated her wealth in support of her husband in his noble quest. Khadija was our Prophets’ support during his troubles and suffering. She was the first to believe in him and his message. She was the one to console him when needed. She was also the one who encouraged him with words of wisdom. She strived with her husband, with patience, and assisted him with his mission.

This is what marriage is in Islam. It is a partner who is your covering and protection from the evils of this world. It is someone who provides ease in difficulties by providing support and encouragement. It is someone to strive with you in the path to Jannah. It is important to firstly implement the best of character in the home just as our Prophet (saw) did. This will foster mutual respect and inshallah be key in our role to a successful marriage as demonstrated for us by our Nabi Muhammad (saw) and Khadija (ra).